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Political Process & Urban Youth Development In Niger Delta

At in-dependency in 1960, the Nigerian population became about 50 million. Currently we are an estimate 158 million, meaning that 120 million Nigerians are beneath the age of forty three years. If those above 60 years are handiest approximately 38 million, it consequently means those among the a while of 18- forty three years are the majority. That is set one hundred ten million. Registered electorate are presently a hundred thirty million consistent with Electoral Commission of Nigeria, virtually extra than half of of those eligible to vote are 18 years and above. The pertinent query is therefore: wherein are the rest of capacity voters as out of the one hundred ten million registered voters, most effective less than eighty million voted in 2007?

The hard truth cannot be bailed out, as greater than 142 million people by the Nigerian regulation are eligible to vote, aside from the ex-convict and the de-franchised.

Then the subsequent ethical summations are placed down figuratively:

o 20 million youngsters elderly 18 and above haven’t any Identity playing cards automatically disposing of them from the voting process.
O A massive quantity of them have no delivery certificates consequently they do now not exist.
O Majority (34.3%) of the teens who have votes are apathetic to the complete procedure. They feel their voting could not make a extraordinary.
O For the children that vote, majority (32 million) vote for the wrong motives inclusive of: electing leaders from their ethnic groups even though they do no longer advantage, electing the ones who have dished out the most money, peer stress and often pressure from one’s family to vote for unique leader as a block.
O A huge percentage of the youth watch at the periphery as they’re unaware of the significance of being in political party mainly within the mainstream politics have been vital selections about a nation are made.
O Civic education has but to completely included and emphasized that there are children who’re notable leaders and benefit a danger.

As for the ones teenagers in mainstream politics, they face the following:

o Patronage; wherein senior birthday celebration participants do now not create areas for the children to play vital roles in the political parties.
O Lack of clear political celebration ideology and cost machine that publications the operation of the celebration and the conduct of its members indiscriminately especially on age and gender.
O Ethnicity in which club of most political events is dictated by means of ethnicity stemming from the founders of the parties or the people which can be investment it. This has triggered chaos, and a variety of heartache for teenagers who discover themselves barred from progressing or participating in important roles. The shift of loyalty, mistrust, corruption and vertical solidarity determines who receives what inside the political parties.
O Gender discrimination has had a poor effect on young women within the parties whose participation is confined and their contribution unrecognized. The subculture of violence, mud slinging and character assassination has discouraged many able younger women from fully accomplishing politics.
O Lack of assets, particularly investment political sports and keeping the specified mechanisms.

In phrases of the employment technique, similar to the political system and shape improvement paradigm, younger people have the very best price of unemployment and in many approaches are the most susceptible to the social depredations which might be caused by unemployment and poverty. At the identical time they may be the promise of the destiny, and failure to invest inside the young era imposes brilliant constraints on the capability for future development. Whether it is investing within the introduction of decent work for young people which enhances the economy and lowers the demand for social offerings, or whether it’s assisting peer to peer models of HIV/AIDS education, or supporting children in creating food protection for their community, studies has proven that making an investment in adolescents brings about healthier teenagers and more healthy communities


The federal Government and its Amnesty institution of trustees, and other stakeholders including NGOs, CLO and different Private donors are a multi-faceted approach that specializes in recognizing the on-going work of children on the key city problems of: monetary improvement; urban peace and war; HIV /AIDs; and environmental degradation. These 4 areas that has become paramount a leverage to resolving the endless countrywide and nearby conflicts both religious and economically prompted, that 73% perpetuated with the aid of the Youths. The middle of the SC approach is the recognition that young people have the capacity to be meaningfully engaged in city improvement programmes. The SC thru diverse teens development initiatives can be a vehicle to mobilize sources to guide the ones maximum marginalized children populations in beginning and sustaining youth led programmes.

Strategy 1

Creation of city based totally youngsters useful resource centres that without delay assist kids led improvement problems, together with the Youth Development and rehabilitation, a software installation by way of diverse states and neighborhood authorities in Nigeria, specifically obvious within the Nigeria Delta, Western, Northern and Eastern geopolitical zones of the us of a. The attention of these hubs will be a area for teens to organize children-led programmes in the vicinity of economic development, prevention of violence, and delivery of schooling and services on HIV /AIDs. This approach is further outlined under.

Strategy 2

Training children as peace developers: The World Youth Report 2009 states that a majority of warfare takes location in growing countries, in particular in Africa, in which an estimated two hundred,000 young infantrymen between the a while of 10 and 24 threat their lives within the route of armed warfare willed by adults. Even in international locations no longer plagued via armed warfare, the teenagers have often been misused within the political area. While their power and enthusiasms are effective equipment in promoting social or political problems, they are also at risk of being misled and misused, regularly main to disruptive outcomes. Youth want to be concerned in violence prevention techniques, not simply struggle response strategies. Youth can take the lead. There is likewise an implementation strategy through collaboration among Federal authorities agencies (MYA) and their subs, nearby and national kids agencies, NGOs and neighborhood authorities focused on growing powerful and sustainable fashions for city teenagers improvement and employment in Nigeria.

Plans are actually in place to help within the design of different regions/states of the us of a seeing that by means of distinctive feature of its implementation in Niger Delta with the subsequent targets:

Objective of the SC Youth Centres Project:

– To inspire partnerships with relevant stakeholders in the shipping of kids development;
– To increase understanding, talents and mind-set change of young people;
– To respond to instructional, socio-monetary, leisure, emotional and psychological wishes of younger humans in an integrated way;
– To inspire children to have greater ownership of development;
– To offer leadership and mentorship to young human beings.

Six Key Areas of Intervention:

1. Employment and Entrepreneurship: To construct capability of youth to take part effectively in urban poverty reduction via training and by using offering employment possibilities in self-employment, formal and casual sectors.

2. Governance and Advocacy: To decorate kids contribution toward higher governance by means of promoting expanded youth participation in local authorities matters, mainly the ones regarding teens development.

Three. Health: To offer offerings aimed at preventing and fixing reproductive health troubles among the kids via provision of information, skills education, training on reproductive fitness, counseling and referral services.

Four. Communication and Information: To set up mechanisms to efficaciously speak and disseminate records to children, kids groups and different companions worried in adolescents paintings.

5. Environment and Resource Management: To toughen youngsters engagement within the protection and improvement of the surroundings by way of promoting their participation in environmental justice and governance tasks.

Needs for financial help:

– Establish satellite aid centres in informal settlements
– Define and initiate employment advent programmes, micro-credit score programmes
– Enable greater fitness services to be supplied free
– Build more networks and partnerships each regionally and internationally
– Provide the library with books and facts
– Provide computers for workplace paintings and internet access
– Build employment education programmes which includes global mentoring and tracking
– Establish a young people agree with/small grants programme for entrepreneurship

This partnership has been constructed which will examine from every other first-rate practices regarding a way to deal with the range of challenges facing youngsters these days in city groups, systems to enable them to make sustainable choices, and the inter-generational transfer of values.


A state will add a feather to its cap and method of its improvement will maintain if its bold, agile, virile and strong youths are guided on the proper direction. The youths of a country are powerful. They are agile and are inclined to paintings, however it’s also visible that the youths are not able to yield desired outcomes for want of proper steerage.

Consequently, whatever they do neither it gives satisfaction to them nor does it satisfy the needs of the country. Under those instances to talk of the welfare of Youth in Nation Building, and Human Capital Development is incomprehensible; till precedence is giving to its articulate software so one can set them in vogue.

The truth is that when independence the successive generations did not carve the path of development on right strains, truely due to the innocuous terrible articulation of youths in government’s actions to ensure future decisions in terms of continuity. The moral question is, how can a kingdom be advanced if its youths, folks that are inclined to undertake any sort of work, one could best but imagine how strenuous it’ll be, if they are now not guided nicely?

It will in the long run result in a chaotic situation like the one we’re confronted with, such as the issues of youngsters restiveness inside the Niger Delta and in different elements of Nigeria and Africa. The society is divided and trapped inside the cob-web of problems. Self interest has end up dominant, corruption is rampant and what alarms us most is that the countrywide individual is on decline.

In order to attend to the trouble commonplace with adolescents restiveness and their role in country building within the region, there may be want for universal human capital improvement. Because improvement brings together the manufacturing and distribution of commodities, and the expansion and use of human talents. For youngsters to steer a protracted and healthy existence there may be need for intellectual and socio-monetary enlightenment on their rights, thereby growing those articulate acumen to navigate their paths in accessing assets needed for their first rate residing, and their involvement in Nation Building. This is in which making an investment in human aid development amongst the timid youths of the Niger Delta, as part of the Federal Government’s “Operation Youth for Nation Building” approach is imperatively of maximum subject and urgency. There is not any advantage saying however that the effective ability of youths is wider than all other styles of wealth taken collectively, which perhaps is the center piece of this caption.

In my earlier paper provided on the lunching of the Edo State’s Directorate of Youth Affairs and Social mobilization; part of the paper rates as follows:

The hassle of teens restiveness is a mirage till lately whilst a coalition of civil liberty Organization, NGOs, Government and different worldwide corporations expressed largesse subject over Youth Global development as they collectively and truely are seeking for to deal with the ills and disproportionate spur of Youth affairs in authorities and their apartheid in Nation Building; together with in the Niger Delta and other components of the us of a, in regards to Militancy, sectarian and religious violence, Illiteracy, unemployment, disempowerment and so on.

Generally speaking, numerous militants and teenagers leaders might not hold the ace on how the answer to the economic, socio-political and environmental troubles of the Niger Delta area and its timid teenagers. However if the area’s leaders and consultant of various enterprise are definitely honest in the ongoing peace system, their movements are able to growing a vacuum in the monetary mainstream and survival of our federal hegemony – Nigeria. In order to facilitate steady and rapid adolescents capital and human development; there’s need to deal with the subsequent:

a. Provision of enough mechanism and infrastructure to enhance youth capital initiative and sustainable improvement.
B. Initiate programme for youngsters interactive periods and highbrow version in the discussion of troubles along with adolescents restiveness, the society and economic improvement of youths in kingdom building, an schedule that reflects on the youngsters.
C. Discussing and articulating packages to quell corruption, political irresponsibility among political consultant, and inefficiency inside government systems and vulnerable social safety.
D. Solution to uplifting the meager popularity of the youths in troubles inclusive of starvation, illiteracy, unemployment and economic disempowerment need to be resolved, and packages ought to be installation at diverse quarters to take care of these problems.

With the above paradigm, one-of-a-kind strategic indicators ought to be put in region to anticipate its full mandates of young people capital development through finishing restiveness, militancy, violence and all forms of crisis in the Niger Delta region, both internally stimulated, nationally alleged, or a few kind of ‘International Oil Conspiracy’. Although it’s also pertinent to remark that at the foundation motive and effect of kids battle within the Niger delta and somewhere else in Nigeria is due to the excessive incidence of kingdom disasters through the years to address positive economic, political and sociological issues affecting and reflecting albeit Youth Development. National leaders in preference to focusing more on the federal system that brings about equitable development throughout the kingdom. The National Leaders are over indulging in paraphelia Federal shape which is suppresses the concept of peace building, and reneging Youth improvement in Nation Building.

The incapacity of the Niger Delta states to satisfy its primary social duty substantially youngsters and different socio-economic development provision and upkeep of inner order as well as its unconcealed order for misrule, epitomize a complete failure of countrywide leadership technique and structure within and without.

Even though the youths of Niger Delta is utterly or partially marginalized and displaced, the ancient pivotal causes of young people restiveness, which contains of 96% adolescents pressure in Niger Delta vicinity is though because of the antecedent of greed, political ambition and individualized cause. This of course is an emphasis at the disunity that has rocked the region’s leaders, and basically for the shortage of various established organization’s commitment in the vicinity’s politics, because the leaders are not accountable and obvious; or definitely, militant organizations reveals it tough to attention on a common goal, vision and ideology of the area’s long countrywide and financial deprivation through the years, that makes the disaster appear even greater complicated, tactical and dangerous.

Let us supply a helping hand to the younger generation, uplift their morale to permit them to revive the country wide character and to hold on the method of national upliftment. It is likewise our obligation and if we are indifferently disposed to it, we’re in reality disregarding our obligation toward the society and country. Under such instances, we have no right to provoke peace manner, because if we can’t find humans in ourselves, consequently locating peace in others is not possible.

Encourage the teenagers in nation constructing is something this is man or woman orientated, and if our leaders in authorities despise those salient issues, then it’s miles evident that they’re making the most of the violence, and the modern-day country wide quagmire.


From the above analogy and largesse, the motive for CLO, NGOs and government participation in the facilitation towards finishing the conflicts in the area between militants and multinational corporations on one hand, Government and Militants/Youths Leaders on the other hand, and coalition of the inclined to save you similarly crisis inside the place, which houses the leaders and consultant from Multinational Oil Corporations, Stakeholders within the peace method, the Government, civil liberty agency and the global network on any other give up, is to put an stop to the violence and under-improvement inside the region. The State and Federal authorities demonstration of amnesty initiative is a welcome development, and must be embraced by way of all stakeholders in the region on the way to sue for dialogue.

The political independence is vital for the upliftment of a state, however it isn’t always the give up. Much is to be carried out on social and financial fronts. Probably, the political independence was appeared as the last goal. Therefore, the modern era of youths turned into now not given any particular manual-line; with the result they had no understanding of their duties toward the society or the nation. To keep away from further deterioration of the situation, it is vital to guide the youths in right route, in order that they’ll interact themselves with the project of completing the incomplete process of upliftment of their state.

The obligation of making ready the heritage and developing a congenial environment on this appreciate lies with the intellectuals and the leaders of society. But if the leaders through delight and personal ego fail to understand these statistics, then we can hold to embark at the enslaved marigold problems.

Separately, the government, NGOs and CLOs were seeking to mediate and facilitate peace method inside the place via numerous MDGs projects, sustainable initiative with groups in the region, and to negotiate with children leaders, warlords; who because of loss of cooperation and out of place time table were preventing themselves over ethnic, spiritual and political subjects and no longer due to the plight of their humans (Asakitikpi, 2007). These are indeed reasons why any form of peace system inside the location has failed, why the Amnesty initiative of the federal government and authentic stakeholders in the Niger Delta will not paintings, if these leaders thru a discussion board of honest peace developers in step with authorities’s plans for development do not come together thru consensus.

Asakitikpi went in addition:

“The headline which quote Alhaji Dokubo as mentioning that ‘we ought to manipulate our sources’, advise the he – Dokubo isn’t always fighting for the rights of his human beings to have manage their sources, however for effective people like himself”.

Going by means of Asakitikpi’s analogy, it is to mention that even as there are not any true teenagers leaders, other than illustrious personalities like Isaac Adaka Boro, Professor Ake and their likes; the way in which a number of the claimed freedom combatants, Militants (MEND) and co, Youth Leaders and their diverse administrative systems are composed isn’t to say past degree, unacceptable. Literarily we’re all aware about the bunkering episode that brought a number of these leaders to financial fame, and the criminal activities to transform federal and state legal guidelines into non-public business enterprise. One should fast re-go to the differentiation between valid management shape and a mob operated scheme, which at sure time terrorized the population in their communities those who stood in their manner of justices and legality. These Militants leaders that preaches irrelevancy of the amnesty bundle nowadays had been also instrumental to the constructing of the foundation at the side of militarized economic misnomer of the antecedent of army regime, the lack of ability of a first rate society throughout the region. Will it not be refuted with regard to the rationality of these leaders’ real course for development inside the location, once they had been actors in the vandalization of the moral and financial exact in their host communities; even as circumventing their humans and playing the gimmicks with Multinational Corporations and shady government officials? In my Ernest opinion, the ones leaders to be able to reject the amnesty initiative of the Federal government are the real terror of the vicinity, and that they need to face the overall blow of the law.

This is indicative of Alhaji Asari Dokubo’s recent nationwide activities as per the disaster in the area, and his docile and incurrent acumen to fully recognize the dynamics and sincerity as an in-intensity mythology of the peace constructing and Youth improvement initiative of the vicinity. The motive for this workout is, for both the Federal Government, MNCs, NGOs, CLOs and Militants Groups to admittedly compensate the human beings of the location of the havoc melted on them, for the long years of monetary degradation, political marginalization, financial deprivation, and barricading terror weighed on them by means of both Military operations of the Federal Government in their drive to put off Militants, and Guerilla struggle on them with the aid of Militants.

Through Nation Building, empowerment of Youths in its entire ramification is possibly to result in human capital improvement which in turn is expresses to lessen the tendency closer to anti-social behaviours that influences societal norms, ethics and values. Youth improvement isn’t approximately boom capability in terms of expertise and talent acquisition as stated in such a lot of groups’ challenge statements nowadays, instead it similarly calls for that people have get admission to to capital in order that their approach of livelihood could be sustained and realized. A decent society wherein there’s a wide gap between the wealthy and terrible creates the situation for desperation and the undermining of societal values as people will do some thing possible to prevent poverty by using any manner. This need to be discouraged through creating a discussion board for filling these society gaps, which includes government’s attention on youth development in kingdom constructing, as they are the leaders of the next day, and the personnel of present and very near future.


This assignment concept changed into initiated, in component, to describe why a “shift in technique” has been advocated for the way we cope with young people problems on this us of a. We are going to be focusing at the methods wherein differing points of view have converged to shape the field of high-quality adolescents development in latest Nigerian centric polity. With the twenty first century’s “discovery” of early life and adolescence as special intervals in which kids must accept help to examine and expand, society assumed an elevated sense of obligation for the care of its younger people.

Increases in juvenile crime and issues approximately afflicted adolescents led inside the 2007 of the graduation of the Yar ‘Adua Administration in the beginning of main federal funding projects to deal with these troubles, which is together packaged and deal with in several initiative to booster kids sensitization and National identity. These traits elevated at some point of the 2008, as did country wide quotes of poverty, economic degradation, and different horrific authorities guidelines which certainly has been instrumental to violence; consequently unfortunate returns to Nation building. In the summary recommend by using (Nicholas Idemudia et al (2006) An Essay on the Nigerian Political society 🙂

Yet once more, with the astonishing research conducted within the early part of 1995 – 1996 by way of tow major American scholars and researchers;

Changes in socialization forces which have historically nurtured the development of children – specifically within the own family – necessitate reconceptualization of school and community practices to aid the own family in its challenge to raise a hit children (Hernandez, 1995, from Weissberg & Greenberg, 1997: 5).

Any Youth Development and Outreach Program have to are seeking for to sell the participation and leadership of Nigerian Youths and young human beings within the development manner of state building. The purpose wherefore must be to spotlight the fee that younger humans can play inside the attempt to construct a area with stable democracies, sustainable economies, and equitable societies. By setting up alliances with the private and non-private sectors, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and teens, the government and all stakeholders should emphasize participation and management, entrepreneurial improvement, technology, and community carrier to the give up of:

Empowering young humans to grow to be involved of their non-public development and that of their communities, and advocating teenagers development and participation as an imperative a part of development; mainstreaming adolescents development and participation all through the kingdom’s Ministry of Youths Affairs operations, and promoting inter-organisational partnerships to enhance adolescents development and participation.

Although is difficult to enforce at first hand, but with systematic efforts to put into effect actualization, the government through what this research cloth can provide deliver attention to issues with the intention to flip out as powerful than every other implementation one may think in shape for Youth consciousness marketing campaign approach.

Activities should include:

(1) YOUTH AND CAPACITY BUILDING: Capacity constructing, which entails developing training, projects and projects that increase the managerial, technical, entrepreneurial, and management skills of teenagers, so that they could grow to be actors inside the improvement method in place of the subjects of that system. Facilitation of conversation amongst adolescents within the shape of a regional network of more than thirteen.Five Million teens leaders and social entrepreneurs throughout Nigeria actively engaged in socio-monetary activities who will function marketers for development of their communities need to be a central authority in any respect degrees funding planning. In the location of outreach and communications, the creation of public cognizance among the general public, authorities businesses, and the non-profit and personal sectors on the contributions and value of teenagers participation and improvement. In addition, the programme must broaden verbal exchange gear and sell the first-class practices and model programmes of young people development through conferences, audiovisual substances, courses, tv programming, press articles, a quarterly e-newsletter, and The Youth Development and Outreach internet site inclusive of those of the National Youth Council of Nigeria and numerous others.

(2) INTER-ORGANISATIONAL COLLABORATION: The introduction of strategic alliances with public, non-public, and non-profit sectors to suggest for effective adolescents participation as marketers for improvement in that vicinity through statistics alternate, assignment collaboration, resource mobilisation, and dissemination of quality practices promoting of the significance of Inter-Regional collaboration and inter-business enterprise partnerships to higher respond to the needs of teens illustration of the MYA within the Geopolitical Working Group on Youth Development (GPWGYD)), a consortium of National donor corporations (such as philanthropist, Governments, and countrywide NGOs) that helps new techniques to effective kids development and participation in Niger Delta and Nigeria as a Nation. Intra-organization mainstreaming, this is, the improvement of inner alliances with different departments and MYA parastatal Offices to combine youth improvement and participation into the Federal authorities thru the MYA’s assignment and task pipeline, and Policy advocacy and method that promotes a supportive policy surroundings for kids development and participation by engaging in policy formula tasks with other partners.

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